Surgical removal of various derivatives around and around the eye:
Barley eye. It is an inflammation of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid caused by bacteria. Barley can be acute and cold. During the operation, a cold barley is formed which is formed by blockage of the sebaceous glands. It produces a capsule and the granulation tissue inside cannot be removed. Then there is a sleeve in the area of the envelope and it has to be mechanically removed - a special clip is placed in the area of the envelope and the content of the barley is dropped with a special spoon. Barley tends to grow only until its capsule is formed - barley does not increase when it is formed. Barley can be used to treat medication in combination with heating procedures, but without the desired result, it should be surgically removed as it can last up to 1 year and more. The main reasons why cold barley is removed surgically for aesthetic reasons and discomfort: the big barley presses the eyeball and irritates it, causes tearing, and obstructs vision.
Xanthelism is a fat deposits in the skin. These are usually yellowish spots that appear in the medial (inner) corners of the eyelids. It may also be on the upper and lower eyelids. These derivatives are also called butterfly symptoms because they resemble butterfly wings in their form. It is recommended to remove them as they tend to increase - they can cover a large area of the eyelids, causing not only aesthetic problems but also discomfort. These derivatives may be associated with high blood cholesterol, metabolic disorders, liver or kidney disease For those with xanthelias it is recommended to check the health more thoroughly.
Papilloma is a derivative of human papillomavirus (HPV). Can be several millimeters or even centimeters in size. Papillomas more often suffer from overweight, more sensitive people who are more sweaty in the neck, groin, palms, armpits. They tend to spread, so it is important to remove them as early as possible so as not to spread.
Atheroma is a fat-filled derivative. They can range from a small pea size up to several centimeters in size. Most often, the atheroma is formed in the capsule, as if it were in the envelope that accumulates the sebaceous fluid - sebum, which, over time, can harden and become similar to the subcutaneous, floating ball. It can stay unchanged for many years, be painless. However, it may be that atheroma may increase over time. The only problem is that the atheroma looks aesthetically.
Cysts are clear, watery fillings filled with a capsule.
Keratoses are irregularly shaped spots that have a very rough surface. Over time, they can change - begin to stick, harden, and peel off. Most often it becomes more apparent in the older age, and the influence on the appearance is caused by the effect of the sun. It is recommended to remove these derivatives because untreated actinic keratosis can turn into skin carcinoma.
Teardrop Widening - a procedure that is appropriate for monitoring an elevated or constant tear flow. Possible cause is too narrow tear spots. Under normal conditions, tears tear through the edge of the eyelid and some travel to the nasopharynx. In narrow tear tracks, they cannot reach the nose and flow through the eyes. This symptom causes discomfort in everyday life, as the constant tearing of the tears prevents reading, watching TV, and doing normal activities. Diagnosis and more detailed examination are required to detect this change - surgical treatment is recommended after the diagnosis. Special tools are used to make incisions and make larger tears to drain into the nasopharynx.
What are the benefits of surgical removal?
One procedure is enough;
No need for additional treatment;
Surgically removed derivatives at that site do not renew;
The exact origin of the removed derivative is known - malignant or benign.
How is Surgical Treatment of Eyelid Stretch Marks Performed?
Skin derivatives that are in or around the eye are surgically operated by a doctor ophthalmologist. The course of the operation, the method of anesthesia and post-procedure wound care are discussed. During the operation, the patient does not feel pain because the site is anesthetized with local anesthetics. Depending on the size of the wound, it can be burned or stitched with melting threads. At the end, a sterile bandage is applied and the patient is discharged for further treatment in an outpatient setting. Depending on the outlet, special drops or ointments may be added to the eyes. After 2 weeks after surgery, during the repeated visit, remove the thread and inspect the wound. After surgery, a scar may remain in the area, the size and type of which depend on the individual characteristics of the body. The surgery will tell you about the complete wound care